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This old historic city of Dholpur was initially named “Dhawalpuri” after the ruler Dhawal Deo who built the city at a site, little south of the present city. Later people started calling it Dholpur. In 846 AD, a Chauhan family ruled it, apparently as a feudatory of Kannauj. Dholpur was a small state but it had a very turbulent history. Its strategic location on the main route from Kabul and Delhi to Deccan and its proximity to cities like Gwalior, Agra and Bayana attracted attention of almost all-powerful kings and rulers of Delhi and Agra. Though the rulers of Dholpur resisted the invasions with valor, the invading forces and suffered plunder and devastation time and again, occupied it. Sikander Lodi attacked and occupied Dholpur in 1501 AD. His forces plundered the city and even uprooted all the gardens that shaded Dholpur. Babar again invaded it in 1526 AD. During Humayun’s regime, the site of Dholpur town was moved northwards to avoid erosion by the river Chambal. It was near Dholpur that two important Mughul wars of succession were fought. When Shah Jahan fell ill, his younger brother, Aurangzeb, defeated his eldest and most beloved son, Dara Shikoh, in 1658 AD at Ran-ka-Chabutra, 5 kms (3 miles) east of Dholpur. Again, after Aurangzeb’s death in 1707 AD, his sons, Azam and Muazzam, fought a war of succession at Baretha.
- LOCATION: Approx 270 KMs from Jaipur (East)
- BY ROAD: RTDC (Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation) buses connects Dholpur to major cities like Jaipur,Delhi, Agra and within Rajasthan.
- BY TRAIN: Dholpur is connected by rail with Delhi, Jaipur and Jodhpur.
- BY AIR: Nearest airport is Jodhpur Airport, which is 240 Kms.
- AREA : 3034 sq km
- BEST TIME TO VISIT : October to March
- LANGUAGES SPOKEN : Rajasthani, Hindi, English
- MAJOR ATTRACTIONS : Shergarh Fort and Wildlife
PLACES TO VISIT
Laswari is a historical site of Dholpur where Daulat Rao Scindia was defeated by Lord Lake. You could see the ruins of the oldest Mughal garden, the Damoh Waterfall and the Kanpur Mahal. They all form a beautiful piece of attractions at Laswari.
Shergarh Fort Situated south of Dholpur, is the Shergarh Fort which was constructed by Sher Shah Suri on the ruines of Hindu Fortress.
The Khanpur Mahal This was a pleasure house for Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The exquisite structure of the Khanpur Mahal tends to lure number of travellers.
The Shiva Temple
This is a historical monument which boasts great architectural beauty of all times. The shiva temple is located near the Gwalior Agra Road.