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The history of the city dates back to the 12th century A.D. when the Hada Chieftain, Rao Deva, conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. Later, in the early 17th century AD during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi -Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture.
The history of Kota is linked with the history of Bundi. Both Bundi and Kota came under the rule of the Chauhans in the 12th century. The descendents of the Chauhans set up their capital at Bundi and ruled from here. While Bundi was the capital, Kota formed the land granted to the eldest son of the ruler. This arrangement continued until 1624. In 1624, Emperor Jahangir, the great Mughal ruler, partitioned Bundi and made Kota an independent state. Rao Madho Singh, son of the ruler of Bundi, ascended the throne of Kota. It became a part of the British Empire in 1818 and later became a part of the Indian state of Rajasthan, when it gained independence in 1947.
- LOCATION: Situated in South East Rajasthan. (240 kms. from Jaipur)
- BY ROAD: RTDC (Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation) buses connects Kota to major cities like Jaipur, Delhi, Agra and within Rajasthan.
- BY TRAIN: Kota is connected by rail with Delhi, Jaipur and Jodhpur, Mumbai.
- AREA : 221.4 sq km
- BEST TIME TO VISIT : October to March
- LANGUAGES SPOKEN : Rajasthani, Hindi, English
- MAJOR ATTRACTIONS : Chambal dam.
PLACES TO VISIT
Situated on the banks of Chambal River, Kota is one of the important industrial centers of Rajasthan. Kota in Rajasthan, India has Asia””s largest fertilizer plant, precision instrument unit and atomic power station nearby. Chemicals, fertilizers, synthetic fibers, tyrecord, sophisticated instruments, have taken the city in the mainstream. Withstanding these material qualities, it is mainly the beautiful and picturesque locations that form the basis of Kota travel and Tourism. Massive forts, magnificent palaces, charming waterways, along with the exotic wildlife and delicate fresco paintings surely capture the heart of the tourists.
One of the most impressive features of Kota is its imposing fort overlooking the modern Chambal Valley Project. Numerous dams, namely Kota Barrage, Gandhi Sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar, Jawahar Sagar, etc dot the city. There is also an old palace facing the Kota Barrage, which dates back to the time of the Hada rule over Hadoti. Other monuments in the city, standing as a witness of the bygone era, are the Brij Raj Bhawan Palace, Jag Mandir and island Palace, impressive havelis, royal cenotaphs, etc.